What is Metabolic Syndrome?


The 2001 guidelines from the National Cholesterol Education Program (ATPIII) defines Metabolic Syndrome as having the presence of three of the five risk factors for Coronary Heart Disease

These risk factors include:

1.

insulin resistance (the inability to properly deal with dietary carbohydrates and sugars)

2.

elevated triglycerides

3.

decreased HDL-C (good cholesterol)

4.

abdominal obesity, waist circumference greater than 102cm in men and 88cm in women

5.

high blood pressure





These heart disease risk factors have been found to cluster in some people, increasing the risk of heart attack by four to 20 times over that of people without these risk factors. In fact, the presence of any one major risk factor substantially increases the risk of heart disease, but when they occur together the risk is significantly magnified.

The (PROCAM) Study showed the following relationship between various cardiac risk factors and heart attack over a four-year period.

  Factors

  Increased Risk of Heart Attack

With diabetes OR high blood pressure

2.5X

With combination of Diabetes AND High Blood Pressure

8X

Abnormal lipid profile only

16X

Abnormal lipid profile with combination of Diabetes and/or Abnormal lipid profile

20X